An unconditional symbol of power, luxury, status. The stone of winners, which was once allowed only to the elite. Today, the diamond stone – the best friend of girls – is available to any financially wealthy person. Its purchase can be the beginning of life on a new level.
It is believed that the first diamond was found six thousand years ago in India.
The locals valued the nondescript pebble less than any other until they thought of processing it.
Further, the art was mastered by the jewelers of Amsterdam. The first diamond was created by Louis de Bernel in the 15th century. The owner of the stone was the ruler of Burgundy, Duke Charles the Bold. At this time, the peak of the popularity of diamonds fell: they charmed Carl’s favorite Agnes Sorel.
Since then, stones have been the best friends of girls (and rich men) all over the world. They were appreciated by Napoleon, Catherine the Great, one of the largest diamonds adorns by the British crown. Greek ἀδάμας means “indestructible.” There is no single version about the origin of the stone. The most popular: diamonds were formed due to the cooling of the earth’s mantle and were carried to the surface by explosions.
The rough diamond is the hardest of natural and man-made materials. Strong refraction and dispersion create the signature brilliant shine and play of light, while admixtures create color. Under normal conditions, it can exist for a long time, in a vacuum, inert gas, or at high temperatures, it turns into graphite.
Varieties and colors
The description of a diamond always contains a reference to the color.
It is divided by color into white (colorless), black, and fancy (colored).
White. In most cases, the color is yellowish due to impurities. For a more accurate assessment, a color determination scale has been developed: international according to GIA.
Black. Their feature is a large number of graphite inclusions, which makes it difficult to cut and evaluate the stone.
Fantasy. There are 9 basic colors used: green, yellow, orange, pink, purple, red, brown, blue, gray. In the color designation, the dominant color comes first, there are shades (indicated as a secondary color, in the second position). The second characteristic is saturation (intensity). Defined on a scale of 1 to 9 (minor to vivid fantasy).
Colorless. Classic, most expensive look. The term “pure water diamond” means the highest quality of the stone: it is invisible in water.
Blue. The rarest expensive stone with greenish, purple, gray shades. The color of the diamond is created by the impurities of aluminum. Most salons offer radiation-treated blue artificial stone.
Blue. An even rarer option, highly prized. The color is created by the presence of boron in the composition.
Pink. Such stones are purple-pink, champagne pink, and others (20 shades in total). It is considered fancy if there is no brownishness. A pink is rare: one in a hundred thousand, the highest price point.
Brown. The color creates iron in its composition. The cheapest of the fancy stones.
Yellow. More expensive than brown, but from the lower price range.
Green. Almost never occurs in nature. The coloring is done with chrome. The cost of 1 carat reaches 250 thousand dollars. Almost all samples are bought by museums or collectors.
Red. One of the most expensive (the price for 1 carat of such a diamond is more than 300 thousand dollars).
The black. Opaque, completely absorbs light. But endowed with a diamond shine. Until recently, it was not considered precious. However, it is found much less often than white stones, it costs several times more than ordinary stones.
This is not a kind of stone, but tracing paper from English: “diamond” means “diamond”.
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